In Chinese medicine, Panax notoginseng has great properties in anti-tumor activities, such as eliminating blood stasis, improving blood circulation.
The steamed form is used in anemia treatment by increasing the production of various blood cells.
The roots which exhibited anticancer activities would perform against colorectal, lung, gastric, skin, prostate and liver cancer; while the ethanol extracts inhibited spleen tumor growth and liver metastasis in vivo.
Ginsenosides or dammarane-type triterpenoidal saponins, the main bioactive constituents of Panax notoginseng, exhibit in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases prevention and treatment.
However, processing of Panax notoginseng, such as steaming, may lead to its composition change and biological activities alter.